Arvind Gautam, Madhuri Panwar, Archana Wankhede, Sridhar P Arjunan, Ganesh R. Naik, Amit Acharyya, Dinesh K Kumar
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine, Volume 8, Pages 1-12, Publisher IEEE, Journal Ranking Q1, Impact Factor 3.4
Publication year: 2020

Background: The enhancement in the performance of the myoelectric pattern recognition techniques based on deep learning algorithm possess computationally expensive and exhibit extensive memory behavior. Therefore, in this paper we report a deep learning framework named `Low-Complex Movement recognition-Net’ (LoCoMo-Net) built with convolution neural network (CNN) for recognition of wrist and finger flexion movements; grasping and functional movements; and force pattern from single channel surface electromyography (sEMG) recording. The network consists of a two-stage pipeline: 1) input data compression; 2) data-driven weight sharing. Methods: The proposed framework was validated on two different datasets- our own dataset (DS1) and publicly available NinaPro dataset (DS2) for 16 movements and 50 movements respectively. Further, we have prototyped the proposed LoCoMo-Net on Virtex-7 Xilinx field-programmable gate array (FPGA) platform and validated for 15 movements from DS1 to demonstrate its feasibility for real-time execution. Results: The effectiveness of the proposed LoCoMo-Net was verified by a comparative analysis against the benchmarked models using the same datasets wherein our proposed model outperformed Twin- Support Vector Machine (SVM) and existing CNN based model by an average classification accuracy of 8.5 % and 16.0 % respectively. In addition, hardware complexity analysis is done to reveal the advantages of the two-stage pipeline where approximately 27 %, 49 %, 50 %, 23 %, and 43 % savings achieved in lookup tables (LUT’s), registers, memory, power consumption and computational time respectively. Conclusion: The clinical significance of such sEMG based accurate and low-complex movement recognition system can be favorable for the potential improvement in quality of life of an amputated persons.