Rifai Chai, Ganesh R Naik, Tuan N Nguyen, Sai Ho Ling, Yvonne Tran, Ashley Craig and Hung T Nguyen
IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics (JBHI), Volume 21, Issue 3, Pages 715-724. Impact Factor - 3.850 (2017).
Publication year: 2017

This paper presents a two-class electroencephal-ography-based classification for classifying of driver fatigue (fatigue state versus alert state) from 43 healthy participants. The system uses independent component by entropy rate bound minimization analysis (ERBM-ICA) for the source separation, autoregressive (AR) modeling for the features extraction, and Bayesian neural network for the classification algorithm. The classification results demonstrate a sensitivity of 89.7%, a specificity of 86.8%, and an accuracy of 88.2%. The combination of ERBM-ICA (source separator), AR (feature extractor), and Bayesian neural network (classifier) provides the best outcome with a p-value <; 0.05 with the highest value of area under the receiver operating curve (AUC-ROC = 0.93) against other methods such as power spectral density as feature extractor (AUC-ROC = 0.81). The results of this study suggest the method could be utilized effectively for a countermeasure device for driver fatigue identification and other adverse event applications.